Novel Coronavirus: preventative measures for ships’ crew and passengers

Maritime Mutual Risk Bulletin No. 23

Coronavirus Testing

Introduction

Media coverage of the Wuhan, China, origins and spread of Novel Coronavirus has been intense and MM members will undoubtedly be aware of this health risk.  It is now confirmed that the virus is being spread by human to human contact and infection has extended globally. This Risk Bulletin is focused on the potential Novel Coronavirus danger to ships and their crews, especially those currently trading into China and other countries where the virus has now surfaced.

Background

On 31 Dec 2019, the WHO was alerted to several cases of pneumonia in Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China. One week later, on 7 January, Chinese authorities identified a new Coronavirus from a family of viruses which includes the common cold, SARS and MERS. The Novel Coronavirus virus has been formally designated by the WHO as 2019-nCoV.

On 30 Jan 2020, it was announced that the WHO have elevated the Coronavirus to a ‘Public Health Emergency of International Concern’. At the time of writing this Risk Bulletin, there is no specific treatment for Coronavirus and no vaccine has yet been developed.

Crew and Passenger Safety

To optimize crew and passenger safety, MM recommends that members should:

1. Stay fully informed by checking the WHO Novel Coronavirus page daily.

2. Well before arrival at an affected port area, ensure that all crew and passengers understand the dangers of infection and the WHO recommended procedures to minimise those dangers.

NOTE: The WHO website provides downloadable coloured health and hygiene posters suitable for printing and posting in the ship’s galley, messrooms and other public areas on board. MM recommends their utilisation.

3. MM’s suggested Coronavirus prevention and control checklist for shipboard use, based on the WHO’s basic guideline for reducing the transmission of disease, is as below:

Know the symptoms Fever, cough, shortness of breath and breathing difficulties. In more severe cases: pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and kidney failure. If a crewmember exhibits signs of infection, seek urgent medical attention and control the spread of infection as per your contingency plan.
Upgrade ISPS ship security control Upgrade to Security Level 2 heightened risk standard for ship and gangway security when in affected ports. Have an effective hand sanitiser ready for use upon entry onto the ship. If someone trying to board exhibits symptoms – refuse access and report. Tighten restrictions into the ship’s accommodation – keeps doors locked.  
Do not touch people who appear to be sick Avoid unprotected physical contact with sick persons. Do not touch an infected person’s belongings, clothes, sheets or their bodily fluids.
Avoid touching animals Avoid contact with animals and surfaces that have been in contact with animals.
Ensure safety of crew shore leave and passenger excursions Obtain the latest advice from the port agent on crew safety while ashore. Consider carefully whether it is safe to grant crew shore leave when calling at affected ports. Avoid making crew changes in the ports of an affected country.
Boost defensive hygiene Wash hands regularly with soap and hot clean water – then use an effective hand sanitiser. Keep away from people with cold or flu symptoms. Cover mouth and nose with tissue when coughing or sneezing – then discard into a closed bin and wash your hands. Handle raw and cooked foods separately – use different knives and chopping boards. Cook meat and eggs thoroughly.  

 Conclusion and Takeaway

The Novel Coronavirus epidemic is now set at WHO ‘International Emergency’ level. The total number of cases and deaths is rising exponentially and the concern is that, globally, there are many more unreported cases. The only upside is that there are now many reported cases of full recovery from the flu-like disease. Bearing in mind that there is no specific treatment or vaccine currently available, preventative measures are the only real defence available to the Novel Coronavirus. MM, therefore, urges all of its members to heighten both their own awareness and the understanding of their ship managers, masters and crew of the dangers presented and defences available. All parties concerned should also check the WHO Novel Coronavirus webpage daily and act accordingly.

Previous Risk Bulletins

Piracy and Armed Robbery in Asian Waters: is vigilance still essential?

Recent media reports have highlighted a reported increase in piracy and armed robbery against ships in Asian waters during 2019. But is the threat of piracy and armed robbery in Asia actually getting worse? Or were the media reports unduly alarmist?

Lifeboats and Davits: Maintenance by ‘Authorised Service Providers’ Only!

New and important IMO/SOLAS requirements for the maintenance, examination, operational testing, overhaul and repair of lifeboats and rescue boats by ‘authorised service providers, entered into force on 1 January 2020. This Risk Bulletin is focused on assisting MM members, their ship managers and masters to accomplish this obligation and further reduce lifeboat accident risk exposure.

The Growing Ban on Open Loop Scrubber Discharges: Don’t Get Caught Out.

For those members who have elected to meet their MARPOL 2020 sulphur emission obligations by fitting exhaust scrubbers to their vessels, it is important to be aware of the growing list of coastal states and ports that have now banned the use of Open Loop scrubbers within their control areas.

The MARPOL 2020 ‘Global Sulphur Cap’ and ‘No Transition Period’ Compliance – Are You Ready?

MM’s Risk Bulletin No.7 (Feb 2019) alerted members to the urgent necessity to ensure full compliance with the IMO’s MEPC.1/Circ.878 requiring the regarding the urgent preparation of a MARPOL 2020 Ship Implementation Plan (SIP) . This Risk Bulletin No 19 is intended to remind all MM members, their ship managers, masters and chief engineers that strict compliance with MARPOL 2020 will be globally initiated and enforced on 1 Jan 2020.

Strait of Hormuz Security Update: MARAD, BIMCO and ‘Operation Sentinel’

Further to MM’s recent Risk Bulletin advice to members on shipboard security in the Persian Gulf/Strait of Hormuz/Gulf of Oman, the situation in that region has unfortunately intensified. The focus of this MM Risk Bulletin is to raise member awareness of the MARAD advisories and the BIMCO Guidance, together with the importance of ensuring that all recommended reporting and security procedures are adhered to.